23/10/2014 17:56 27/08/2013 0:54
Why we commit/ embrace immoral acts/ thoughts?
To pursue this question I would test DNA of Quran 12:53 and 07:20.
وَمَا أُبَرِّئُ نَفْسِي إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّي إِنَّ رَبِّي غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ
(12:53) Yet I am not holding my soul to be immune from sin, for the soul incites to evil, except of the one on whom my Lord shows mercy. Indeed my Lord is Forgiving and Merciful.
فَوَسْوَسَ لَهُمَا الشَّيْطَانُ لِيُبْدِيَ لَهُمَا مَا وُورِيَ عَنْهُمَا مِنْ سَوْآَتِهِمَا وَقَالَ مَا نَهَاكُمَا رَبُّكُمَا عَنْ هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةِ إِلَّا أَنْ تَكُونَا مَلَكَيْنِ أَوْ تَكُونَا مِنَ الْخَالِدِينَ ﴿7:20﴾
(7:20) But Satan made an evil suggestion to both of them that he might reveal to them their shame that had remained hidden from them. He said: 'Your Lord has forbidden you to approach this tree only to prevent you from becoming angels or immortals.
In relation to our research, DNA of Quran 12:53 is “ the soul incites to evil” and “Lord shows mercy” and Quran 07:20’s DNA is “an evil suggestion by Devil”
Having read above two of them, it can be vivid that we are naturally tend to evil things – immoral acts or thoughts or feelings or Devil grieves us towards those or vice versa.
When we follow our soul or Devil’s path we go to astray. Because when Devil disobeyed Allah he went astray.
قَالَ فَاهْبِطْ مِنْهَا فَمَا يَكُونُ لَكَ أَنْ تَتَكَبَّرَ فِيهَا فَاخْرُجْ إِنَّكَ مِنَ الصَّاغِرِينَ ﴿7:13﴾
(7:13) Allah said: 'Then get you down from here. It does not behove you to be arrogant here. So be gone. You will be among the humiliated.
قَالَ فَبِمَا أَغْوَيْتَنِي لَأَقْعُدَنَّ لَهُمْ صِرَاطَكَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ ﴿7:16﴾
(7:16) Satan said: 'Since You have led me astray, I shall surely sit in ambush for them on Your Straight Path.
ثُمَّ لَآَتِيَنَّهُمْ مِنْ بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ وَعَنْ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَعَنْ شَمَائِلِهِمْ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ شَاكِرِينَ ﴿7:17﴾
(7:17) Then I will come upon them from the front and from the rear, and from their right and from their left. And You will not find most of them thankful.'
If we consider this verse, we can see when Devil disobeyed Allah’s word thereafter he actually became a disobedient to Allah.
As he is not a follower of Allah’s word or not being obedient to Allah, Allah led him to astray (Quran 7:16; stated above). Therefore he took it as a challenge to misguide believers of Allah and making themselves follower of himself, instead of Allah.
Basically Devil vowed to divert believers of Allah. It was his promise or plane as far as above verses are concerned.
Why we then follow Devil’s footsteps while Ramadan?
As far as Hadith is concerned – “Devil is chained in Ramadan”. Allah knows better after all that how they are chained during Ramadan. We can only presume some –
1. Only those people would be protected from Devil who are fasting. Here condition could be ‘fasting’. As our soul always incites to evil (Quran 12:53).
2. Or perhaps less harmful Devils are chained/controlled by Allah hence crimes take place less in our society during Ramadan. It is difficult to stick at this point that 'as Iblis (Devil) sought free life until hereafter', Quran reads:
قَالَ أَنْظِرْنِي إِلَى يَوْمِ يُبْعَثُونَ ﴿7:14﴾
(7:14) Satan replied: 'Give me respite till the Day they shall be raised.'
قَالَ إِنَّكَ مِنَ الْمُنْظَرِينَ ﴿7:15﴾
(7:15) Allah said: 'You are granted respite.
3. So if Iblis is chained in Ramadan it is difficult to conclude by us. Allah knows best.
4. Or who are addicted they may continue throughout Ramadan out of their addiction.
5. Or we might be grieved by humen and jins as Allah said to seek refuge from them too. Quran states:
مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ ﴿114:6﴾
(114:6) whether he be from the jinn or humans.
Allah knows best what actually be the case during Ramadan.
Mere disobedience to Allah makes us Disbeliever or Transgressor?
To come to a right decision we need to consider below two verses of Quran.
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلَائِكَةِ اسْجُدُوا لِآَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوا إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ ﴿2:34﴾
(2:34) Then We commanded the angels, "Bow yourselves to Adam. "All bowed but Iblis refused to do so; he waxed proud and joined the defiers.
In here Allah used “defiers” word - disbeliever of Allah. But compare when below verse when Adam infringed Allah’s word.
وَقُلْنَا يَا آَدَمُ اسْكُنْ أَنْتَ وَزَوْجُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَكُلَا مِنْهَا رَغَدًا حَيْثُ شِئْتُمَا وَلَا تَقْرَبَا هَذِهِ الشَّجَرَةَ فَتَكُونَا مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ ﴿2:35﴾
(2:35) Then We said, "O Adam, you and your wife, both dwell in the Garden and eat to your hearts' content where from you will, but do not go near this tree; otherwise you shall become transgressors"
Here Allah uses the word 'julm' - transgress.
As a result, it is difficult to say he/she is disbeliever of Allah out of being disobedient to any verse of Quran unless otherwise.
Indeed, Mumin does not embrace any sin by 100% intention. Of course this percentage fluctuates and therefore they come back to Allah again and again in spite of transgression (Julm upon themselves) and indeed Allah forgives them. Because they don’t do (kufar) disbelieve Allah 100%. They are merely misguided by Devil or because of the influence of “nafse lawwamah”
وَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالنَّفْسِ اللَّوَّامَةِ ﴿75:2﴾
(75:2) and nay, I swear by the self-reproaching soul!
Therefore they commit sin or become disobedient to Allah for a while and then they come back and of course they come to Allah and Allah is here to forgive us. Quran says:
وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَقْبَلُ التَّوْبَةَ عَنْ عِبَادِهِ وَيَعْفُو عَنِ السَّيِّئَاتِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ ﴿42:25﴾
(42:25) He it is Who accepts repentance from His servants and forgives sins and knows all what you do
Till now, it is evaluated that why we do bad things. In the forthcoming part (Part 2), how we can be purified in light of Quran" will be discussed. For, denote taht Quran so far mentioned three kinds of souls –
(1) Nasfe Ammarah – discussed above,
(2) Nafse Lawamah – Discussed above which one always fluctuate
(3) Nafse Mutmainnah – will be discussed whilst purification ways will be furnished in Part 2.
(Next topic - How we can be purified (from devil's path/ grief) in light of the Quran?)
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